Ambitious in scope, the book discusses the design of instruments that can be employed in a wide range of contexts, including transportation, industrial pollution, water pricing, waste, fisheries, forests, and agriculture. Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management is deeply rooted in economics but also informed by perspectives drawn from political, legal, ecological, and psychological research.
Sterner notes that, in addition to meeting requirements for efficiency, the selection and design of policy instruments must satisfy criteria involving equity and political acceptability. He is careful to distinguish between the well-designed plans of policymakers and the resulting behavior of society. About This Item We aim to show you accurate product information.
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Cancel Submit. How was your experience with this page? Needs Improvement Love it! Furthermore, a combination of different policies may give firms greater flexibility in policy compliance and reduce uncertainty as to the cost of such compliance. Government policies must be carefully formulated so that the individual measures do not undermine one another, or create a rigid and cost-ineffective framework.
Overlapping policies result in unnecessary administrative costs, increasing the cost of implementation. The current reliance on a market-based framework is controversial, however, and many environmentalists contend that a more radical, overarching approach is needed than a set of specific initiatives, to deal with climate change. For example, energy efficiency measures may actually increase energy consumption in the absence of a cap on fossil fuel use, as people might drive more fuel-efficient cars. Thus, Aubrey Meyer calls for a 'framework-based market' of contraction and convergence. The Cap and Share and the Sky Trust are proposals based on the idea.
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Environmental impact assessments EIA are conducted to compare impacts of various policy alternatives. Moreover, it is assumed that policymakers make rational decisions based on the merits of the project. Eccleston and March argue that although policymakers normally have access to reasonably accurate information, political and economic factors often lead to environmentally destructive decisions in the long run. The decision-making theory casts doubt on this premise.volunteerparks.org/wp-content/cofametil/2716.php
Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management | Sterner Economics
Irrational decisions are reached based on unconscious biases, illogical assumptions, and the desire to avoid ambiguity and uncertainty. Eccleston identifies and describes four of the most critical environmental policy issues facing humanity: water scarcity , food scarcity , climate change , and the population paradox.
Synergic to the environmental policy is the environmental research and innovation policy.
An example is the European environmental research and innovation policy , which aims at defining and implementing a transformative agenda to greening the economy and the society as a whole so to achieve a truly sustainable development. Europe is particularly active in this field, via a set of strategies, actions and programmes to promote more and better research and innovation for building a resource-efficient, climate resilient society and thriving economy in sync with its natural environment.
Research and innovation in Europe are financially supported by the programme Horizon , which is also open to participation worldwide. The stage had been set for change by the publication of Rachel Carson 's New York Times bestseller Silent Spring in and strengthened the Environmental movement.
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Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson , then a U. Senator from Wisconsin, after witnessing the ravages of the massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, became famous for his environmental work. At the time, Environmental Policy was a bipartisan issue and the efforts of the United States of America helped spark countries around the world to create environmental policies. The world's first minister of the environment was the British Politician Peter Walker from the Conservative Party in The German "Benzinbleigesetz" reduced Tetraethyllead since In the European Union, the very first Environmental Action Programme was adopted by national government representatives in July during the first meeting of the Council of Environmental Ministers.
EU environmental policy has thus become a core area of European politics. The German Umweltbundesamt was founded in Berlin Overall organizations are becoming more aware of their environmental risks and performance requirements. In line with the ISO standard they are developing environmental policies suitable for their organization.
Written by top management of the organization they document a commitment to continuous improvement and complying with legal and other requirements, such as the environmental policy objectives set by their governments. The concept of environmental policy integration EPI refers to the process of integrating environmental objectives into non-environmental policy areas, such as energy, agriculture and transport, rather than leaving them to be pursued solely through purely environmental policy practices. This is oftentimes particularly challenging because of the need to reconcile global objectives and international rules with domestic needs and laws.
Given the growing need for trained environmental practitioners, graduate schools throughout the world offer specialized professional degrees in environmental policy studies. While there is not a standard curriculum , students typically take classes in policy analysis , environmental science , environmental law and politics , ecology , energy , and natural resource management.
Graduates of these programs are employed by governments , international organizations , private sector , think tanks , universities , and so on.
Due to the lack of standard nomenclature , institutions use varying designations to refer to academic degrees they award. However, the degrees typically fall in one of four broad categories: master of arts , master of science , master of public administration , and PhD in environmental policy.
Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management
Sometimes, more specific names are used to reflect the focus of the academic program. For example, the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey awards master of arts in international environmental policy MAIEP to emphasize the international orientation of the curriculum. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy. Environmental Policy in the European Union. The European Series. Environmental Policy in New Zealand. The Politics of Clean and Green. Oxford University Press.
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